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Muscular dystrophy

Muscular dystrophy (MD) is a group of hereditary muscle diseases. MD results in weakening the skeletal muscles of body. The main traits of muscular dystrophy are progressive skeletal muscle weakness, defects in muscle proteins, and death of muscle cells and tissue. Muscular dystrophy has many sub-types, and most are multiple-system disorders, presenting as manifestation in body systems, such as heart, nervous system, endocrine system, gastrointestinal system, eyes, etc.  Thus, many signs and symptoms may occur, including:

•    Progressive muscular wasting
•    Muscle weakness
•    Calf deformation
•    Drooping eyelids
•    Poor balance
•    Progressive crippling
•    Walking difficulty
•    Frequent falls
•    Wadding gait
•    Respiratory difficulty
•    Scoliosis
•    Incontinence


There is no known cure for muscular dystrophy. Treatments at present are mainly directed at slowing the progression, preventing and reducing deformation.  These modalities include rehabilitation therapy, medication, surgery, and assistive devices. Inactivity mayworsen the condition.

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